A commemorative plaque in memory of people who died during the Indian Mutiny, or first war of Independence is seen at St. James's Church in New Delhi, 06 May 2007. <>/F 4/A<>/StructParent 0>> 1. which angered the local ruler, who had to now live i… Number of historians argue that the revolt. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. The culmination of traditional opposition to the British rule came with the First War of Independence in 1857, in which millions of peasants, artisans and soldiers participated. There are many causes for this war which are: Political. ?���[��@ҁ�Fl:�Q��6$�m�s�H�X39��PՈJ Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. This war is called war of Independence. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. Majumdar, however, considers it as neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence as large parts of the country remained unaffected and many sections of the people took no part in the upsurge. War of independence 1857 is a remarkable event in the history of sub-continent. endobj Aggressive policies of ‘effective control’, ‘subsidiary alliance’ and ‘doctrine of lapse’. He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule. As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. The activities of christian missionaries who followed the british flag in India. 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM IST all days. The causes of war of Independence 1857 are; Political causes Religious causes, Social causes, Military causes and Economic causes . The political causes of the revolt may be traced to the British policy of expansion through the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation. Immediate banning of cow slaughter was ordered once the revolt was successful in a particular area. -Immediate Cause: Greasing the cartridges of Enfield Rifle with cow & pig fat, sentiments of soldiers were hurt, Mangal Pandey shot British officer and later Mangal Pandey was hung, this infuriated the Indian soldiers and they started the revolt. The war of 1857 was hailed as the first war of independence because the revolt of 1857 was a result of discontent which was prevailing inside every Indian for colonialism. Racial overtones and a superiority complex. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. Government’s legislative measures, such as the religious disabilities act, 1856, which modified hindu customs. 4 0 obj It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. There are several reasons for the war of Independence in 1857. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. It was a mere ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ to some British historians—”a wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no -popular support”, said Sir John Seeley. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the former on non-payment of debt dues. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. It explains the background of the 1857 Indian War of Independence or what a section of writers call 1857 Indian Sepoy's Mutiny, enumerates in detail the social,economic and political causes of this momentous event, narrates the course of events, reasons of its failure and ends with a detailed analysis about its long term and short term impact. The First War of Independence, 1857. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. It also affected large parts of North and Central India. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . %PDF-1.5 Flashcards. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… STUDY. Restrictions on wearing caste and sectarian marks. Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. The First War of Independence, 1857. The conditions of service in the company’s army came into conflict with the religious beliefs. First war of independence, 1857. • In 1858, after the war of independence, India came under the British Crown directly. Question 1: Explain the political causes that led to the uprising of 1857. 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM IST all days. Match. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. Match. The team typically replies in a few minutes. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. There are some political as well as social reasons for the war.the doctrine of lapse was one of the major reasons.when a ruler of a state died and there was no legal heir to take his place the british would take over that state Although, it was unsuccessful but left great memories. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large number of rulers and chiefs. A large number of Indian rulers and chiefs were dislodged, thus arousing fear in the minds of other ruling families who apprehended a similar fate. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . 1. Thus the great House of Mughals was finally and completely extinguished. Dr K. Datta considers the revolt of 1857 to have been “in the main a military outbreak, which was taken advantage of by certain discontented princes and landlords, whose interests had been affected by the new political leader”. The Revolt of —the First War of Independence! The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. The British captured Delhi on September 20, 1857 after prolonged and bitter fighting. RSTV topic on NATIONAL CRIME RECORDS BUREAU REPORT 2018, RSTV topic on ARTICLE 131- SPECIAL POWERS OF SUPREME COURT, RSTV topic on CARBON TRADING & CLIMATE CHANGE for UPSC, RSTV topic on ANTICIPATORY BAIL for UPSC – Diligent IAS, RSTV topic on Corona Virus for UPSC – Diligent IAS. The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. Created by. By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control. Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. Causes of the War of Independence. The revolt was poorly organized with no coordination or central leadership. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Created by. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi).