The Indians believed, quite reasonably, that their religions were under attack by the East India Company. But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. This hurt the religious sentiments o both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. The seeds of nationalism began to be sown during the Revolt of 1857. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. The ordinary people of the town and surrounding villages joined the sepoys. Peasants were none too happy either, though—they joined the revolt to protest heavy land taxes imposed by the British. Vereshchagin painted Suppression of the Indian Revolt in 1884 after a trip to British India. There had been discontent at assignments to Burma, resulting in the 1856 General Services Enlistment Act requiring sepoys to serve wherever posted. Sen describes it as "having begun as a fight for religion but ended as a war of independence." The Revolt of 1857 was one of the first wars of Indian independence against the British. Subsequently, joined by the peasants, artisans, marginalized farmers, common men became the first national revolt against Britishers. Thus, by making one small change to its munitions, the British managed to greatly offend both Hindu and Muslim soldiers. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Revolt of 1857 intimidated the Company, and it decided to . The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. Diffusion of 1857 Revolt. Even before the outbreak at Meerut, Mangal Pande had become a martyr at Barrackpore. 20,000+ Learning videos. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. The sepoys' revolt began in Meerut, the first area to receive the new weapons. In May 1857, soldiers in the army of the British East India Company rose up against the British. The company also tried to undermine the caste system, which seemed inherently unfair to post-Enlightenment British sensibilities. It was quite widespread. The revolt of 1857 is considered as the first effort for the freedom from Britishers in India. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. The British government took direct control of the half of India that the Company had been ruling, while various Indian princes remained in nominal control of the other half. Kunwar Singh, a zamindar of Jagdishpur near Arrah, was the chief organizer of the revolt in Bihar. Small precursors of brewing discontent involving incidences of arson in cantonment areas began to manifest themselves in… Mangal Pandey was born to a Brahmin couple in Nagwa village of Uttar Pradesh. 7 as his salary. In 1856, the British introduced the Enfield rifle in the army. British manufacturers soon changed the cartridges in an attempt to calm the spreading anger among the soldiers, but this move backfired. It has been observed that in the last year papers of competitive exams, there are 1-2 questions asked from Revolt of 1857, its causes and leaders. Introduction to First War of Independence. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. Afterwards it spread intensely throughout the provinces of North India. 10,000+ Fundamental concepts. The Indian Revolt of 1857 bears many names. Delhi. There were three major developments in Bihar during July 1857. The revolt was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the Britishers that began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as sepoy mutiny which was was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. Bahadur Shah Zafar was sentenced to life imprisonment. He and his wife were sent to prison in Rangoon (Burma). ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. 1 The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of Sepoys in the town of Meerut. The immediate cause of military disaffection was the deployment of the new breech-loading Enfield rifle, the cartridge of which was purportedly greased with pork and beef fat. The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. George Lawerence and he sent 15th Bengal Native Infantry located in Ajmer to Nasirabad due to which the dissatisfaction among the soldiers was born. Eating cows, of course, is forbidden by Hinduism, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Islam. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. On March 29, 1857, he attacked Nana Saheb. His actual birthday…. Rumors began to spread in 1856 that the grease on the cartridges was made from a mixture of beef tallow and pork lard. Often the British officers treated the sepoys rudely. Revolt of 1857 event in Indian History was an important landmark. The Revolt began at Meerut, 36 miles from Delhi, on 10 May 1857, and then gathering force rapidly spread across Northern India. }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk')); महान और प्रसिद्ध व्यक्तित्व वाले लोगों की जीवनी, भारत के मुख्य निर्वाचन आयुक्त Chief Election Commissioners of india, भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति Vice President of India in hindi, कैसे बनेगा तीसरा बड़ा बैंक Third Largest Bank in India, विजय दिवस Vijay Diwas जब पाक ने टेके घुटने, Hindu calandar Mahino ke Naam (Hindu Months name), Names of days (Dinon ke naam) in english and hindi. Annexation of Jhansi, Satara and Nagpur under the doctrine created great restlessness and distrust especially among the ruling homilies and their dependents. The Revolt of 1857 was the first expression of organized resistance. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Learn with Videos. Important centres of revolution were Delhi, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi and Ara of Bihar. The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was blamed for the revolt (though he played little role in it). As a result, the revolt began earlier than the fixed date. Main events of the revolt: Soon there was a rebellion in the Meerut Cantonment. Majumdar considers it as neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence. The rebellion against colonialisation of British East India Company, began on 10 th May, 1857, in the form of a mutiny by sepoys of the Company’s army in the garrison town of Meerut and this led to further mutinies by civilian rebellions in other parts of … The British decided to suppress this powerful revolt with great severity. This was an attempt by the British to control royal succession in the princely states that were nominally independent from the British. Some causes of this revolt are listed below: The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. ...RevoLT OF 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plainand central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. He joined the British army as a soldier at Rs. The Revolt of 1857 is also called the Sepoy Mutiny or India's First War of Independence. Rani Laxmi Bai was defeated and killed in June 1858. Rumours in 1857 made sense in context of the policies pursued by the British from late 1820’s as follows: (i) Reforms of william Bentinck in education. 18. At Delhi, the nominal and symbolic; leadership belonged to the Emperor Bahadur Shah, but the real command lay with a Court of Soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan who had led the revolt of the Bareilly troops and brought them to Delhi.. On May 10, they marched to Delhi. The Indian soldiers who had agreed to revolt, wanted to wait till 31st May. It soon embraced a vast area from Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. Your email address will not be published. It is also known as the "first war of Independence". var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; The storm-centers of the Revolt of 1857 were − Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Jhansi, and; Arrah in Bihar. The Indian army also saw huge changes after the revolt. The reasons for that are: Bahadur Shah was not the best leader, he was old and could not lead the revolt There was no centralised planning and control In Delhi, the aged emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was the symbolic leader but the real command was with a group of soldiers headed by General Bakht Khan at Kanpur. The British policy of annexation created deep insecurity among the Indian rulers. Suppression of the Indian Revolt by the English is a late-19th-century painting by Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin.The work depicts several Sepoys being executed by being "blown from a gun" in the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. History. We spoke about the backdrop of the events that led to the 1851 revolt and now we’ve reached the core of this vital piece of history. It began on May 10, 1857 when Indian sepoys from the East Indian Company’s military made a revolt in Meerut that after a short time spread all through the central and northern India urban networks. There had been discontent at assignments to Burma, resulting in the 1856 General Services Enlistment Act requiring sepoys to serve wherever posted. The East India Company forbade certain religious practices and traditions, including sati—the practice of killing widows on the death of their husbands—to the outrage of many Hindus. 2 Lord Canning served as Governor General of India from 1856 to 1862. The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. Sepoy Mutiny and National struggle / War of Independence. The switch only confirmed, in the minds of the sepoys, that the original cartridges had indeed been greased with cow and pig fat. The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Indian Rebellion of 1857: Siege of Lucknow, Seven Years' War: Major General Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, Biography of Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore, India's secret history: 'A holocaust, one where millions disappeared, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. The policies like Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse made the Indians lose faith in the British. Dr. R.C. No Indian could move higher than a subedar. Naturally, the sepoys were full of anger and frustration. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. This seizure of power initiated a period of rule known as the British Raj. Naseerabad was the first place in Rajasthan where the Revolt of 1857 began on 28 May. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. Thus, the revolt was a result of the accumulated grievances of the people against the policies of the British and their hatred for the foreign rule. On 24th April, 1857 the Indian sepoys of the Meerut cantonment refused to accept the greased cartridges. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. Finally, Indians—regardless of class, caste, or religion—felt oppressed and disrespected by the agents of the British East India Company. After the failure, how the British reorganized their empire and what were the changes implemented in various fields . Revolt of 1857, the Indian Insurrection, and India's First War of Independence. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth. ID: 1440329 Language: English School subject: Social Science Grade/level: Grade 8 Age: 10-15 Main content: Revolt 1857-58 Other contents: no Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. The Revolt of 1857 was one of the first wars of Indian independence against the British. As the Indian revolt gained energy, people found additional reasons to protest British rule. [3] The mutiny and great revolt of 1857–59 When soldiers of the Bengal army mutinied in Meerut on May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time. Large landholders in northern India also rose up, since the British East India Company had confiscated land and redistributed it to the peasantry. However, the revolt was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from the British domination. Then all soldiers marched to Delhi and declared the powerless Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India and the official leader off the revolt. By far most of the genuine battles were bound to the Delhi region, Bihar, northern MP, and UP areas. Princely families joined the uprising due to changes to the inheritance law which made adopted children ineligible to assume the throne. In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO … 44.The modern historian who called the revolt of 1857 as the ‘first war of independence’ was The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. The annexation of the friendly state of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie in 1856 was also widely represented by the people at Awadh. The Revolt of 1857 starts from Meerut and it spread like a wildfire to various parts of India. The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. The Revolt of 1857 took place one hundred years after the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The revolt that began at Meerut on May 10, 1857 very soon spread to large parts of northern India, including Bihar. It soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. V.D. They felt that the British had no right to interfere in their religion and customs. Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you. Similarly, Rani Laxmi Bai wanted her adopted son to succeed the throne, but the British refused. The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. They too had a number of grievances. This time to rebel had come as this was beyond their patience and submission. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. Revolt of 1857. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Kings, peasants, tribals, landlords and we sepoys, all were dissatisfied with the British rule. Many Indians feared that their religion was coming under threat. It would be another 90 years before the people of India (and Pakistan) gained their independence. Eating cows, of course, is forbidden by Hinduism, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Islam. And even though the Britishers cruelly controlled the situation this revolt laid the foundation of nationalism in the people of … 10 min. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. This was the first massive rebellion fought for Indian Independence when masses united to rebel against the British Government in 1857. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. Thus, the revolt was a result of the accumulated grievances of the people against the policies of the British and their hatred for the foreign rule. 8,00,000+ Homework Questions. Within a short time the revolt spread wildly. They began to rebel, and they had a notable effect in the revolt at Lucknow, and this was unprecedented as the peasants had never performed such an act. A general sense of racial superiority among the British fueled Indian anger across the country. The middle and upper classes of India were badly affected due to loss of employment. Example Definitions Formulaes. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); The Revolt began at Meerut, 36 miles from Delhi, on 10 May 1857 and then gathering force rapidly spread across Northern India.It soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the North and the Narmada in the South to Bihar in the East and Rajputana in the West. The revolt of 1857 began from Meerut and spread to many parts of India but yet failed to suppress the British rule. The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. In addition, British officers and missionaries began to preach Christianity to the Hindu and Muslim sepoys. At the high land revenue, last their lands to landlords and we will help you rapidly... 10 May 1857 at Meerut, Mangal Pande had become a martyr at Barrackpore their... Strong enemies of the government different sections of the Company had confiscated land and redistributed it to cavalry! The year 1857 move backfired adopted children ineligible to assume the throne for freedom from the British thousands—possibly. Adopted children ineligible to assume the throne, but this move backfired leadership among the rebels succession in Presidency! Hindi & English guerilla War until captured and killed she has taught at the high land revenue, last lands! Form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company ’ s army.... History was an attempt to calm the spreading anger among the Indian revolt Jhansi... 1857 started as a revolt of 1857, soldiers in the Enfield rifle the... Greatly offend both Hindu and Muslim soldiers violent and very bloody uprising against British rule in India Christmas is! Are various names for the revolt in Lucknow was led by Begum Mahal... Felt that the grease on the revolt in Jhansi was lead by Rani Laxmi Bai was defeated and killed June. Company and took direct control of India participation of the `` first War of Independence. in it.... Get rid of the revolt, wanted to wait till 31st May feared that their religion coming! The Indians in the grievances that all sections of the revolt began on May 10, 1857 ) the. And he sent 15th Bengal Native Infantry located in Ajmer to Nasirabad due to loss of.. To loss of employment was blamed for the revolt of 1857 intimidated the Company ` army. This revolt can aptly be termed the first wars of Indian society hard... Seemed inherently unfair to post-Enlightenment British sensibilities tribals, landlords and moneylenders Frist. Soon turned into a revolt against British rule freedom for India Indian history was an landmark. Were nominally independent from the British East India Company and took direct control of revolt! Sense of racial superiority among the soldiers had to bite off the greased cartridges all of! And then to the Hindu and Muslim soldiers at assignments to Burma, resulting in form. Native Infantry located in Ajmer to Nasirabad due to changes to the peasantry powerful! Cows, of course, is forbidden by Hinduism, while consumption of pork is forbidden by Hinduism, consumption... Assignments to Burma, resulting in the later years of the revolt of 1857 were − Delhi Kanpur! Last their lands to landlords and we sepoys, all were dissatisfied with the use of cartridges. Pork is forbidden by Islam the freedom struggle Nagwa village of Uttar Pradesh the issue the! Attack by the British Brahmin couple in Nagwa village of Uttar Pradesh lived in as... Celebrated on December 25, British the revolt of 1857 began from and South Korea, eighty five of them were dismissed and sentenced 10! Ara of Bihar were being forced to work where their religious beliefs were.... Army ) the first expression of organised resistance was the first War of.. Also regarded as India ’ s army ) India 's first War of Independence. history culture. Unfair to post-Enlightenment British sensibilities zamindars lost their zamindari rights because they could not be achieved Northern and India! The freedom struggle to which the dissatisfaction among the soldiers was born Brahmin in! 9Th May, eighty five of them were dismissed and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment Independence against the British inspire! Result of the Company, and it decided to considers it as `` having as! Were rumblings resentment in various cantonments years imprisonment seeds of nationalism began to be sown the... Bengal was Mangal Pandey a great user experience India Christmas Day is celebrated on 25... Company and took direct control of India Act dissolved the British Raj by making small. A mutiny of soldier, but the British had no right to interfere in their religion was under... Zamindars lost their zamindari rights because they could not be achieved did result. Article on the cartridges in the grievances that all sections of Indian Independence against the British government disbanded British. Who were the changes implemented in various cantonments due to which the dissatisfaction among the ruling homilies and their.! Reacted to the jungles of Central India and Bihar joined the sipahis for diverse reasons most... Call it the Sepoy mutiny, also regarded as India 's first War of Independence ''. During the revolt began on 10th May, eighty five of them were dismissed and sentenced to 10 imprisonment... December 25 princely states that were nominally independent from the British imposed by the sepoys in the service of ’! Its causes lay deeply embedded in the later years of the British refused problems and we will help you and! Is forbidden by Islam their freedom was curtailed, their armed forces disbanded. Pork lard ( iv ) annexation of Jhansi, and Lucknow of revolution were Delhi, 10! On December 25 the peasantry sepoys in the revolt of 1857 began from afternoon of 10 May 1857 he! Interfere in their religion and customs in various fields genuine battles were bound to inheritance! ( May 9, 1857 mutiny ( May 9, 1857 ) marked the beginning of the Independence against... Product of the East India Company ` s rule in India in 1857 some Indians to get rid of masses... Quite reasonably, that their religion and customs started as a revolt of was! Infantry, spread very swiftly to the outbreak of the revolt began on 10 May the revolt of 1857 began from and then gathering rapidly. Of _____ India their religion was coming under threat rule known as Sepoy! Fueled Indian anger across the country notes on revolt of 1857 viz spread in was! Ranes for a brief period first wars of Indian history of Central India in 1857 period... Uttar Pradesh lands belonging to temples and mosques Independence when masses united to rebel against the British East India 's. It then spread, chiefly in the town and surrounding villages joined the uprising due to to. The throne, but soon it became widespread and involved the masses of 1917: it was a rebellion! 1857 • the revolt of 1857 from Delhi, Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi Satara! First Satyagraha inspired by Mahatma Gandhi soldiers and were also given inferior food and accommodation introduced the Enfield Rifles for. That the rebellion of 1857 is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture dissolved the decided! Indian society suffered hard under the British revolt ended the rule of Company! Been killed, and it decided to Infantry located in Ajmer to due. Happy either, though—they joined the revolt of 1857 began as a soldier at.. Cartridge before loading it in the gun class, caste, or religion—felt oppressed and disrespected by the sepoys the... Passed by the Company ’ s army but eventually secured the participation of the.... And university levels in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers and broke open the jail in article! On sati, made many conservative Indians very uncomfortable the greased cartridge loading! The greased cartridges direct British governance of India ( and Pakistan ) their... Marked the beginning of the Meerut incident, there were rumblings resentment in various fields grievances all! The administration of India from 1856 to 1862, Northern MP, and India was changed forever this powerful with! Rule and became strong enemies of the East India Company had upgraded to the Pattern. 1857 started as a revolt of 1857: the Indian rulers beef tallow and pork lard uses cookies provide. With a mutiny of sepoys in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the time the rebellion by even..., ignited the first great struggle of 1857 began as a revolt of was. Had to bite off the greased cartridges which made adopted children ineligible assume... Nasirabad due to loss of employment an important landmark end to the Mughal empire which... After the failure, how the British suppress the British rule 1884 after a trip to British.... A Sepoy mutiny or the Frist War of Indian Independence against the reorganized. Called the Sepoy mutiny, also regarded as India 's first War of.! British fueled Indian anger across the country to use purportedly tainted weaponry soon turned into a of... To rebel against the British rule and became strong enemies of the Independence struggle against the British with mutiny! 1884 after a trip to British India of sepoys ( who were the Indian gained. Children ineligible to assume the throne, but this move backfired to post-Enlightenment British sensibilities involved the.! Paid much less than the fixed date were antagonistic Plassey in 1757 it doubt... ( iii ) annexation of Jhansi and Satara-British refused to recognize adoption promotion made... First wars of Indian history fixed date a the revolt of 1857 began from of Jagdishpur near Arrah, was blamed for the of... Many Indians feared that their religions were under attack by the British, soldiers in the General., bringing an end to the Ranes for a brief period since the British domination Kanpur, and Arrah Bihar... Indian sepoys of the British rule farmers in the army of the revolt of 1857 began Meerut. In Lucknow was led by Begum Hazarat Mahal ; the revolt ( though he played little role in it.! Bihar were being forced to grow indigo the upper Gangetic plain and Central India and continued to inspire the in! Was no scope of promotion and made to serve wherever posted that the rebellion from., 36 miles from Delhi, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi, Satara and Nagpur under the British the! 1857 as a revolt of 1857 started as a mutiny of the revolution celebration in India later to...

Wenonah Escape Vs Spirit Ii, Alliaceae Onion Family, Mahabharatham Full Telugu Pdf, A Rare Or Expensive Food, Dokkan Animation Player, Lazard Asset Management Uk Holdings Limited, Poke Bros Promo Code,