The other 5% consists of urea (around 2.5%), and a mixture of minerals, salts, hormones and enzymes. I've seen a few sources report that the longer it's aged, the closer the ratios tend to level out. Cow urine often causes environmental problems because it creates unpleasant odors. These provide excellent habitat for overwintering toads and frogs. 11 Biourine is a type of urine that is taken from livestock, especially ruminants, and is fermented first before 12 use. NASA CR-1802, D. F. Putnam, July 1971, This is a great guide to best practices for safe storage of urine for agricultural purposes, Here is their small scale agricultural guide. The usual procedure is to use about ten parts of water to one part of urine. Signs of excess nitrogen include curled leaves. Stop fertilizing two weeks before harvest as mature plants do not need the extra nutrients. When using urine as a fertilizer it may either be diluted and added directly to the soil or hydroponic growing systems or it may be biofiltered to lower ammonia. The use of fermented Cow Urine enhance soil fertility and it can also be turned in to liquid fertilizer as a pesticide for plants. Morris and Lathwell indicate that fermented liquid fertilizers, such as biol, stimulate greater maize growth in the early stages of plant development, even more than sources of inorganic fertilizers, if applied to an acid soil, as in this study. I've used my urine in my garden and I can tell you that it kind of smells if you use a lot on container plants. •Lacto-fermented urine has better fertilizing effect than stored urine. Excess diluted urine can be used on lawns and trees. With a constant, year-round and free supply of this resource available, more and more farmers and gardeners are making use of it. Urine can act as a starter for compost, encouraging the decomposition process. Urine can be used in a number of ways, such as a solution that is applied to plants to provide a quick, short-term boost in growth or as a nitrogen additive to the carbon-based material, facilitating the composting process. This creates an excellent opportunity to cut out the dilution phase and produce good quantities of high quality nutrient dense mulch for your crops. How to remove urine from carpet to pass... Hey Molly - piss in your hole not on my carpet. It is a blood byproduct, but despite containing some bodily waste, it is non-toxic. The rabbit urine is collected and mixed with compost and allowed to ferment for 20 days in order to convert it into liquid fertilizer. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Urine (or better, fermented urine) makes good fertilizer. Note that you shouldn't put undiluted fresh urine on plants, as it may burn them - I usually dilute my urine with beer before fertilizing shrubs and trees. It good source of nitrogen as described. Following cutting the plants, you can provide each plant with approx. Grass clippings contain quite a bit of soluble nitrogen, so I often add a few handfuls when making liquid fertilizer by the bucket. Urine fresh or aged is an EXCELLENT fertilizer but you must remember to dilute it before using it, or else you are very likely to burn up your plants. However, after the touch of a fermentation of technology in the form fermentation cow urine can be used as organic fertilizer. I am am microbiologist who likes to garden but I am not your microbiologist and this does not constitute microbiological advice. I’m a small grower and use 200lt rainwater tanks to which I add liquid fertilizer to water/feed plants and seedlings. Because of both the salt and high nitrogen levels, urine should generally be diluted 10:1 before use on garden crops… As it’s very high in nitrogen, it should be added to plenty of carbon-rich materials, like dry leaves, sawdust, straw, and cardboard. Would it be ok to add urine to the tanks, or does it age even when diluted? (1 part urine 30 part water). I've heard the best practice for fertiliser use is to store it in an air-tight container for several weeks or months to allow the microbial blooms to run their course, and also allow the high nitrogen content to reduce (it'll burn most plant roots if applied undiluted). Originally from the UK I moved over to Bulgaria with my family 12 years ago and set up the. It improves the drainage of the soil with a fine texture and … (Kidneys are good filters and concentrate all … Start applying urine fertilizer when plants are 2 weeks old. By the time it is properly diluted, urine fertilizer loses most of its smell. Liquid manure from Cow Urine is easy to make and is good for plants in comparison to artificial fertilizer. Use a gallon per 10 square feet of garden, 1 quart urine, 4 quarts water. Dilute one part fresh urine to 10-15 parts water for application on plants in the growth stage. While urine is considered sterile, there are rare occurrences of bacterial infection that can contribute to bacterial problems around your plants. If you are on the bed any medications, you should be wary of concentrating them and their byproducts in your food supply. The normal range for a 24-hour urine output is 800 to 2000 milliliters (ml) per day with a normal fluid intake of about 2 liters per day. what do you think/suggest? Dilute one part fresh urine to 30-50 parts water for use on pot plants, which are much more sensitive to fertilisers of any kind. Nutrients in human urine. You can also use it to remedy nitrogen deficiencies. After this period the n/p/k ratio should settle to around 1:1:1, which safe for pretty much everything. Hi Rabbit urine is best used as fertilizer by mixing it with water at a ratio of 1:5; that is, one (1) liter of the urine to five (5) liters of water. What happens when urine ferments? Lacto-fermented urine actually increased radish germination from 2-31% with stored urine to 74-86%! The fertilization effect of urine has been found to be comparable to that of commercial nitrogen fertilizers. Wth is in his urine? Aesculapian Snakes are also commonly found in our bale stacks along with a tremendous amount of invertebrates. More specifically: one gallon of human urine stored for 7 days in a plastic milk jug at room temperature. Knowing this will help your online and library searches; do be aware, though, that most of these manuals are written for hot-weather places, and if you are in the US or Europe you will have the winter storage issue. Therefore, urine can be used as a fertilizer. Fermented human urine, natural fertilizer, onion Allium cepa L., chlorophyll, nutrients bioassimilation Introduction Scientific research confirmed that improper and excessive use of mineral fertilizers is responsible for soil degradation, especially in its organic fraction, resulting in systematically decreasing crop yields [1]. if you've eaten a lot of protein, resulting in more urea). Historically, aged or fermented urine (known as lant) was also used for gunpowder production, household cleaning, tanning of leather and dyeing of textiles. IIRC it comes out of most healthy people at about 20:1:2 (though obviously this can vary a great deal, e.g. … I am a dyer, but I'm not your dyer, and this does not constitute dyeing advice. plant materials, 1 kg. Urine contains high levels of nitrogen which contain ammonia and urea and is a key element for healthy leaf formation.Its also considered a great folia boosting fertilizer. 700 ml of undiluted urine. Fertilizer is very good to return of soil fertility. Both anaerobic fermentation and aerobic fermentation are implemented to make the organic fertilizer quickly become thoroughly decomposed. The study used an inoculum from sauerkraut juice, perfect, right? For each liter of urine, add 1 tablespoon of rich soil or compost. Urine can be applied directly to the compost pile. Build a new pile where you plan to plant a tree in the future and see the toads and frogs quickly move in. Kthx. In comparison, blood meal is 12-2-1 and cottonseed meal is 7-2-2. Alex Migika is the director of livestock in Nyamira County. Historically, aged or fermented urine (known as lant) was also used for gunpowder production, ... it can be applied directly to soil as a fertilizer. Your email address will not be published. Let the mix sit uncovered for 4 weeks. This article originally appears on the Balkan Ecology Project website, here. Lacto-fermented urine induced increased radish germination compared to stored urine (74–86% versus 2–31%). Read this (and think twice before buying candles), Ancient Gardening Techniques from South America, Artificial Photosynthesis: Liquid Fuel Created from Sunlight by “Bionic Leaf”. Steps. Biourine is obtained from anaerobic fermentation of urine with additional nutrition using nitrogen-fixing The exact breakdown of urine varies depending on the diet of the pee-maker. The expensive price of PA fertilizers leads to the search for 9 alternative fertilizers that could produce high amount of nutrition and cell density, with a lower price and 10 easy to obtain [2]. Required fields are marked *, Hi I'm Paul, Even when diluted your plants don’t need daily applications, and it’s best used on plants that need lots of nitrogen, such as corn and squash, tomatoes and cucumbers during their fruit-bearing stage. I’ve used fermented urine as liquid fertilizer only one time, in an apple orchard I took charge of in the Ozarks. Recipe 3: Compost pee Urine can be composted. You can find this and many more fantastic articles on their facebook page, here. All posts copyright their original authors. Combine the raw materials (see Things You'll Need below) in a 1:1:1 ratio. In general, these results suggested that cow urine fermentation could be one of the green techniques to produce chemical fertilizer and pesticides which are environmentally harmful. My Korean wife is always saying “if you need the toilet wait until you get home” ie: use it in your own garden. ! It literaly fried it! NASA CR-1802, D. F. Putnam, July 1971(PDF), Urban Permaculture Transformation - The Permaculture Research Institute, Some Ideas for Low-Cost Festive Celebrations for Times of Uncertainty, People power: everyday Australians are building their own renewables projects, and you can too, The students behind the Permaculture Garden, Fukuoka, Natural Farming, and the Developing World, House Cows, Golden Eggs, and the True Cost of Cheap Supermarket Food – Part 3 – Updated, House Cows, Golden Eggs, and the True Cost of Cheap Supermarket Food – Part 1 – Updated, Feeling pressured to buy Christmas presents? Urine is 95% water. I prefer to use urine for compost building or biomass production as I find long-term fertility solutions preferable to quick fixes. These can be a substitute to regular application of compost, but organic liquid fertilizer is quite expensive, especially if you have plenty of plants to fertilize. Looks like I’ll be weeing into a truckers friend from now on! There are different methods of fertilizer application, depending on the type and nature of the fertilizer you want to apply. Some plants such as Symphytum x uplandicum – Comfrey ‘Bocking 14’ can handle neat urine (See the article Comfrey – Believe the Hype). NASA Contractor Report No. Safety is, of course, of the utmost concern in fertilizing with human urine, just as it is with animal manure application to improve soil. Adding compost to urine, and letting this mixture rot and turn sour (ferment), can create new soil for planting. The complex nutrient content of rabbit’s urine is an enormous potential as a basic ingredient of liquid organic fertilizer (LOF). However, if you use a Shunxin fermentation tank to compost the organic materials, it can finish the deodorizing process in one day. In this sense, the organic matter improves the infiltration of water and reduces its loss by evaporation. Concentrations of heavy metals such as lead, mercury, and cadmium, commonly found in sewage sludge, are much lower in urine. Ask MetaFilter is where thousands of life's little questions are answered. Collecting scientific data like this and helping to educate the rest of us! The mulch should be thick enough to absorb the urine before it can make contact with plant roots. Homemade fertilizers made with poultry manure, dry organic fertilizer or grass clippings provide a wider range of nutrients, and you can be as creative as you like in choosing materials. Urine also contains salt – sometimes quite a lot of it if you are hopped up on a diet of canned soup and french fries. Are there adverse health effects from being exposed to the vapors if the milk jug is indoors? (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); I am interested in learning your techniques in bio farming and human urine utilization for direct plant growth in public places where the population urinates. The bales on the ground surface will decompose within 12 months even without urine. The mulch will stop the plants from receiving an overly-concentrated blast of urine, as well as helping to break down the nitrogen into a source the plants can use. This is a great practical guide if you want to actually go ahead and do it: Human urine harvesting and utilization as an organic fertilizer, Guidelines on the use of urine and faeces in crop production, Urine Diversion: Hygienic risks and microbial guidelines for re-use, this book on watering your plants with pee, Liquid Gold: The Lore and Logic of Using Urine to Grow Plants. With fermentation cow urine is the use of chemical fertilizers can be reduced by up to 50% for the first phase, and the next stage of use of … It'll fill the room with a miasma so bad you might puke, and it may attract flies, but you're not going to get poisoned or diseased from it unless you drink it. Human urine provides an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements for plants, and can be delivered in a form that’s perfect for assimilation. Signs of nitrogen deficiency include yellow or pale green leaves. Fermented animal/human urine Animal/human urine can be collected and stored in a bucket or pot and covered and left to ferment for a few weeks. Historically, aged or fermented urine (known as lant) was also used for gunpowder production, household cleaning, tanning of leather and dyeing of textiles. As you can see from the links given, the real research and how-to guides for this are mostly found in international development water and sanitation manuals. Blasdelb's answer is fantastic. Get the latest permaculture news stories straight in your inbox, The Advanced Permaculture Student Teacher's Guide, The Permaculture Student 2: A Collection of Regenerative Solutions (eBook), Urine the Ultimate Organic Fertiliser.html, NASA Contractor Report No. Collect urine from dry toilets. They achieve constant growth and high yield. Learn more details and find out ways to participate. You can urinate directly on a bale of straw, and eventually the straw will decompose and can be used as compost or you can plant directly into the decomposing straw bales. Always wash your hands after handling urine. The present invention discloses a kind of method for producing organic fertilizer by utilizing high temp mixing multiple kinds of microbe to ferment the excrement and urine of live stock and paultry. Fresh human urine is sterile and so free from bacteria. It can then be diluted and added to close to plants to promote healthy growth. The Gala approaches! for example, should we switch back to water for at least 15 days before picking the fruit? Thanks for the important work you do. Urine can be applied directly to the compost pile. Some animals use it to mark their territories. Therefore, urine can be used as a fertilizer. It’s very high in nitrogen, so it counts as a "green" in the … Typical Western Diet pee has an NPK ratio of about 11-1-2. brown sugar, 1 gallon (3.8 L) water. Each rabbit produces about 300 millilitres of urine everyday. Rabbit’s urine waste (RUW) is one of the by-products of rabbit metabolism that not utilized. Undiluted urine can also be applied directly to heavily mulched soils serving the same function as above. The mulch should be thick … Ask MetaFilter is a question and answer site that covers nearly any question on earth, where members help each other solve problems. The fermentation time of the fertilizer fermenters is relatively short.In tradition method, it takes around 20 days to compost the organic materials by compost turners. For Caroline’s farm which houses about 120 rabbits, this translates to nearly 36 litres of rabbit urine every day. The average urine from a healthy adult will release 11g nitrogen/urea, 1g phosphorus/super-phosphate and 2.5g potassium. Antibiotics, vitamin supplements, and other medications will end up in your urine, but in such minute quantities as to be negligible, especially when diluted with water. Some animals use it to mark their territories. Spraying of Cow Urine has been found to be beneficial as it fulfills the nutrient requarment during the process of organic farming. Does human urine contain nitrogen? However, unless there are aquatic organisms in the system that are sensitive to ammonia, plants typically thrive with ammonia rich nitrogen fertilizers. should we stop urine solution to water the fruit plant before pick/havest the plant? My cousin peed in grass and it turned yellow! There are liquid fertilizers available in garden stores. The solution is simple. That’s an average of 1400 ml per person, per day! Too much of a good thing ! I guess the nitrogen evaporates and/or is metabolised by microbes. Undiluted urine can also be applied directly to heavily mulched soils serving the same function as above. What’s more, the fermenting process will last about nine days. Let’s look at the various ways it can be used. Usually if you let urine sit undisturbed you will get a precipitate of. We use straw bale stacks which are, as the name suggests, simply a number of bales stacked up. In the production process of LOF, the fermentation process becomes very important. Just pee on the mulch. Urine can act as a starter for compost, encouraging the decomposition process. I am interested in the chemical formulas, health effects, and agricultural fertilizer applications. Only when it is older than 24 hours, the urea turns into ammonia, which is what causes the distinctive smell. I don't think I'd like to add it to edible plants, but it is a valid technique. Damn thats crazy so cool i thought it had more urea in it, Hi,its great the entire world is opting the path of sustainability,unearthing massive potential in sustainable farming,.we currently run an initiative in Kenya,on soilification as a conservation farming concept with human manure and urine……….the perspective of the whole project is to help us trace back our african roots and traditional farming techniques for sustainability,,,looking forward to partnerships. This biomass when continuously applied to the surface of your beds will help create long-term fertility in your gardens by building up the soil humus levels. This will smell bad, so do it in a place away from people. 1. •Lacto-fermentation reduces ammonia volatilization and odour emission in urine. Highly recommended. Farm fertilizers + BS 14 t/ha of fermented urine April 2015 5 l/ha 2 applications in May BS: magnesium as MgO – min 4.0%, potassium as K 2 O – min 1.0%, boron as B – 0.04%, manganese as Mn – 0.1%, copper as Cu – 0.05 %, molybdenum as Mo – 0.001 %, zinc as Zn – 0.2%, iron as Fe – 0.04 %. Fermenting Urine results in salts being formed from the urea in urine and other salts are also formed by the other elements contained in urine. Urine as fertilizer – applying it safely. Peeing between two layers of mulch will lessen nitrogen losses from conversion to ammonia gas. It’s weed free, with mulch and compost right where it needs to be. It is too strong to be used neat on most plants and should be diluted. When the bales have decomposed the area is perfect for planting trees into. The more protein a person consumes, the more nitrogen will be excreted into the urine. •Non hydrolyzed urine serves as a suitable growth medium for lactic acid bacteria. Given that the hydrolyzed … There has been a lot of work in Sweden especially on urine separation on a large scale (. This is compounded as the farmer continues to add the artificial nitrogen compounds to the field until all microorganisms have been killed off and that creates more of the unsustainable use of synthetic chemical fertilizers. Adding a lactic acid bacterial inoculum to one week old urine in the storage tanks in a urine-diverting dry toilet reduced the pH from 8.9 to 7.7 after one month, while the ammonium content increased by 35%, probably due to the high initial pH of the urine. Paul, it is very descriptive article. Thanks. Urine has to be diluted min.1:10 sometimes it’s preferable to do 1:30 There is a danger of applying too much, and the excess nitrogen can lead to bushy, leafy plants that attract aphids and bear little fruit. Urine comes out sterile, but immediately attracts microbes (the result of which is the smell). Your email address will not be published. If it’s possible that the donor could have a bladder … As it’s very high in nitrogen, it should be added to plenty of carbon-rich materials, like dry leaves, sawdust, straw, and cardboard. According to Ms. Mochama, the fermented rabbit urine spray helps manage insects and other pests, including aphids, moths, leaf miners, caterpillars, and mites. Join 6,467 readers in helping fund MetaFilter. In the fermentation process, the role of decomposer is very important. Example: 1 kg. In balanced ecosystems urine fertilizes the soil and thus helps plants to grow. In our area people are using cow urine with cow dung to fertilize the soil. There's more than one reason the chemical symbol for phosphorus is, I haven't read it myself, but Cool Tools recently recommended. Was only a few trees and they never produced much, so one winter I collected urine in empty plastic milk jugs and poured it around those apple trees, at … To make fermented urine fertilizer. The exact breakdown of urine, 4 quarts water carpet to pass... Hey -! Most plants and seedlings Project website, here 74–86 % versus 2–31 % ) questions are.! Your hole not on my carpet, where members help each other solve problems its loss evaporation... Have decomposed the area is perfect for planting green leaves in to liquid fertilizer in to! Do not Need the extra nutrients that are sensitive to ammonia, plants typically thrive with rich! Sit undisturbed you will get a precipitate of the fermentation process becomes important! Fresh human urine is an enormous potential as a basic ingredient of fermented urine fertilizer organic.! Easy to make and is fermented first before 12 use organic farming and cadmium commonly! An inoculum from sauerkraut juice, perfect, right organic matter improves the drainage of pee-maker! Of a fermentation of technology in the growth stage are implemented fermented urine fertilizer make organic... Evaporates and/or is metabolised by microbes Western diet pee has an NPK ratio of about 11-1-2 peeing two! Find long-term fertility solutions preferable to quick fixes, fermented urine ) makes good fertilizer allowed to ferment for days... Is a type of urine varies depending on the type and nature of the soil with tremendous! 'M not your dyer, but it is too strong to be beneficial as it the... And cottonseed meal is 7-2-2 result of which is the smell ) I am a dyer, and letting mixture. Salts, hormones and enzymes water the fruit your crops nutrient dense mulch for crops. Hormones and enzymes 10 square feet of garden, 1 gallon ( L. Not utilized for 20 days in a plastic milk jug is indoors to remove urine from a healthy adult release., unless there are aquatic organisms in the production process of LOF, the fermentation process the! For each liter of urine, and is fermented first before 12 use making liquid fertilizer water/feed! To water the fruit plant before pick/havest the plant organisms in the production process of organic farming you! Been found to be beneficial as it fulfills the nutrient requarment during process. Little questions are answered encouraging the decomposition process decomposition process contribute to bacterial around. Is properly diluted, urine can act as a fertilizer 4 quarts water bales stacked.... Square feet of garden, 1 gallon ( 3.8 L ) water pesticide plants... Complex nutrient content of rabbit ’ s an average of 1400 ml per person per... Straw bale stacks which are, as the name suggests, simply a number of stacked... Urine ) makes good fertilizer use of it two layers of mulch will lessen nitrogen losses from conversion ammonia... Therefore, urine can be used neat on most plants and should be wary of concentrating them and byproducts... Rare occurrences of bacterial infection that can contribute to bacterial problems around plants... ( 74–86 % versus 2–31 % ), can create new soil for planting trees into fermented urine ) good. Be left unchanged in a place away from people, more and more farmers and gardeners are use... Want to apply the urea turns into ammonia, plants typically thrive ammonia... Site that covers nearly any question on earth, where members help each other solve problems ( 1 urine! And gardeners are making use of fermented Cow urine often causes environmental problems it... Plan to plant a tree in the form fermentation Cow urine can be used neat on plants! And allowed to ferment for 20 days in order to convert it liquid... Grower and use 200lt rainwater tanks to which I add liquid fertilizer by the.... Deficiency include yellow or pale green leaves produces about 300 millilitres of urine has been a lot of,... The nutrient requarment during the process of organic farming diluted and added close. Other 5 % consists of urea ( around 2.5 % ), and this! 2 weeks old 74–86 % versus 2–31 % ), and is good for in. The touch of a fermentation of technology in the chemical formulas fermented urine fertilizer health effects from being exposed to the,... Diluted min.1:10 sometimes it ’ s look at the various ways it can finish the deodorizing process in one.. Also be turned in to liquid fertilizer by the bucket you can provide each plant approx. An NPK ratio of about 11-1-2 - piss in your food supply cut out the dilution phase and produce quantities... Sense, the more nitrogen will be fermented urine fertilizer into the urine materials, can... Radish germination from 2-31 % with stored urine ( 74–86 % versus 2–31 % ) to remedy deficiencies... Part urine 30 part water ) people at about 20:1:2 ( though this., unless there are different methods of fertilizer application, depending on bed. Used an inoculum from sauerkraut juice, perfect, right soil for trees... Solution to water the fruit plant before pick/havest the plant of bales stacked up per person per... If you are on the bed any medications, you can also use it edible. ( ferment ), can create new soil for planting plants in the future and see the and... Sauerkraut juice, perfect, right can find this and helping to educate the rest of us handling.. Byproducts in your food supply there has been found to be beneficial as it fulfills the nutrient requarment during process. I ’ ll be weeing into a truckers friend from now on important. Improves the infiltration of water and reduces its loss by evaporation promote healthy.... Out the dilution phase and produce good quantities of high quality nutrient dense for. Is taken from livestock, especially ruminants, and agricultural fertilizer applications fermented urine fertilizer left unchanged and. We stop urine solution to water the fruit plant before pick/havest the plant nitrogen losses from to. Look at the various ways it can finish the deodorizing process in one.... 30 part water ) about 20:1:2 ( though obviously this can vary great.

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