There’s the speed of light and the speed of sound. (of cells or tissue) having specialized structures or…. Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. However, the landscape often changes when students enter fourth grade. In it, you’ll find the planning techniques, strategies, and organization and management suggestions I have developed and that my students have helped me refine. Differentiated instruction is an educational practice that encourages teachers to understand each student’s unique gifts and challenges, and connect with their interests, aptitudes and learning styles to deliver a more effective education than a so-called “one-size-fits-all” approach. So now we’re going to talk a little bit about what that means. What you saw in your â€œvisit” to my classroom are practical ways I differentiate to improve my students’ literacy. Use the following strategies to differentiate by output: Teachers regularly check in with students to find out what’s working and what isn’t. Differentiated instruction describes the variety of methods teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners. Unfortunately, many times a similar strategy is used in the classroom. Differentiated instruction is NOT just another way to provide homogeneous grouping. As you begin to embrace some of these differentiation practices, it’s important for you to know the research that supports this kind of instruction. To address our students’ various learning needs, as teachers, we have to proactively take extensive planning and preparation. As you observe lessons in my classroom, you'll also note that the reading strategies I’m modeling relate to inferential thinking — using facts and details to discover unstated meanings and new understandings. Continually ask, How can this information support change in my teaching practices? No relaxed fit. Tiering also means that students read different books for instruction because each student reads and learns at his or her instructional reading level. Third, teachers give students options for showing what they’ve learned: How about a book report, a group-written play, or an art collage on Ben Franklin’s inventions? Page 1: Defining Differentiated Instruction. These remain open on their desks, poised to receive students’ thoughts, feelings, and hypotheses. $10,000 IN PRIZES! Differentiating by output or finished product means that you can give all students the same content and instruction without customization. Differentiated instruction doesn’t mean that teachers give more work to advanced students and less work to students that might struggle. for simple, helpful ways to differentiate your classroom. I want you also to understand why educators like Carol Ann Tomlinson, Richard Allington, and I strongly believe that instruction in reading should be differentiated. Differentiated instruction and assessment, also known as differentiated learning or, in education, simply, differentiation, is a framework or philosophy for effective teaching that involves providing all students within their diverse classroom community of learners a range of different avenues for understanding new information (often in the same classroom) in terms of: acquiring … In fact, the read aloud has become the common mentor or teaching text for my students, and a primary teaching tool. Differentiated Instruction. Oh, and yes, fish do pass gas. instruction with increased precision and effectiveness. Teaching up means raising the ‘ceiling’ for all students. It is also a model that guides instructional planning in response to students’ needs. She cautions, however, that differentiated instruction is not individualized instruction. Set aside time to reflect on the ideas in these texts, and then discuss what you’ve learned with colleagues. Add a diet of tough textbooks and less time for reading instruction to this diminished interest in personal reading, and the result is far too many students reading below grade level, struggling to learn. Right now, too many middle schools place students in a curriculum in which everyone reads the same text and completes the same assignments. Is there a speed of smell? To be certain that I am reaching every student in my class, I use the read aloud to model how I apply reading strategies and to show students how to use questioning, discussion, and writing to build comprehension and new understandings while reading (Beck & McKeown, 1997, 2006; Robb, 2000, 2003). Knowing the research will enable you to select materials to read for building your own background knowledge and expanding your understanding of differentiation. Gina Biancarosa and Catherine Snow (2004), authors of Reading Next, point to a statistic that should cause all middle grade, middle school, and high school educators to rethink their instructional practices. Whether teachers differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping makes this a successful approach to instruction. Differentiated instruction is the way in which a teacher anticipates and responds to a variety of students' needs in the classroom. You would also notice that I use multiple texts for my instructional reading lessons. Differentiated instruction is a cyclical process of finding out about the learner and responding by differentiating. What does DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION mean? The concept of differentiated instruction has been around a while, but it increasingly gets more attention. I invite you to step inside my eighth-grade classroom at the beginning of my reading workshop. Kind of? The U.S. Department of Education noted that more than 8 million students in grades 4 through 12 are struggling readers (2003). It asks teachers to know their students well so they can provide each one with experiences and tasks that will improve learning. I’ve included a list of other books you can study that relate to and highlight the need for differentiation. Unfortunately, this leaves too many students behind instead of moving them forward (Tomlinson, 2002). What is differentiated instruction? That’s why the first job students complete is passing out their response journals. For example, you might include leveled readers, which allow students of different reading abilities to learn about the same subjects and genres; opportunities to explore ideas in small and large groups with students of the same or different learning style and ability; and scheduled breaks for students who learn best when they have time to refocus. When I provide them with books at their instructional levels, they also know that they can analyze and think while they read. That’s where differentiated instruction comes in. Our memories of undifferentiated classrooms probably include the blue- bird, cardinal, and buzzard reading groups. First, teachers must know their students well. HOLIDAY GIVEAWAYS FOR TEACHERS, Classroom Coding & Robotics … Everything You Need to Get Started, Protected: Classroom Talk-to-Text Project, Educators: Here’s What You Need to Know About Vaping, 25 Instant Pot Recipes You Can Make on a School Night, Join the WeAreTeachers Influencer Network. Differentiated instruction (sometimes referred to as differentiated learning) involves providing students with different avenues to acquiring content; to processing, constructing, or making sense of ideas; and to developing teaching products so that all students within a classroom can learn effectively, regardless of differences in ability. For example, you might include. the adaptation of teaching to the needs of individual students This programme is designed for teachers who wish to specialize in differentiated instruction for inclusive classrooms. By providing each student with reasonable levels of challenge and instructional scaffolding as needed, students learn that hard work results in successful growth. The differentiation lies in what students do with that content. Here are some seminal books on differentiation. WeAreTeachers is here to help. Differentiated instruction is a way of thinking about teaching and learning. All rights reserved. Build lessons, develop teaching materials, and vary your approach so that all students, regardless of where they are starting from, can learn content effectively, according to their needs. This is the heart of differentiation, and this is the primary reason I have written this book. These are the important strategies that all students — not just proficient readers — need. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION? Differentiated instruction (DI) means giving each student the opportunity to learn in a way that suits their individual readiness level, interests, needs, and learning preferences. Underlying Principles of Differentiated Instruction . Learn more. Sometimes, I use a whole-class instructional approach, where each students is reading a different text while exploring an issue or practicing the application of a reading strategy that I have modeled in my read aloud. But by selling only one style of jeans, that department store would be turning away, and in many ways alienating, other shoppers searching for a style that meets their wants and needs. What is differentiated instruction? By Sure, many students would be able to take in the lesson, but there would be others who would have a hard time because, like those jeans, a different style fits them better. No slim. Differentiated instruction IS proactive. Differentiating instruction means that you observe and understand the differences and similarities among students and use this information to plan instruction. They might even like school because they can be part of a discussion.”. Differentiation means tailoring instruction to meet individual needs. In a differentiated classroom, the teacher assumes that different learners have differing needs and proactively plans lessons that … Just as people have different body types, they have different learning styles and abilities. In the list below, I’ve summarized these important elements and added a few other practices, such as planning, that are key to differentiating reading instruction successfully. In addition, I use it as a catalyst to raise students’ awareness of issues and to build background knowledge. Learn about differentiated instruction in the classroom with these tips and guidelines from teaching expert Laura Robb. You know your principal can’t stop saying it. In subsequent chapters of this book, we’ll take a closer look at these elements and explore ways to integrate them into your lessons so you can support every student you teach. Laura Robb. This article was excerpted from Differentiating Reading Instruction by Laura Robb. To deepen your understanding, let me share information with you that explains this strong commitment to differentiated learning. That way, the teacher knows where students are, how much they’ve improved, and where they need to be. Tiering asks teachers to adjust class experiences to meet students where they are so students can complete meaningful tasks that move them forward (Tomlinson, 1999; Wormeli, 2005). That is exactly why we don’t cover and move on. 6–8, What are the ways you differentiate in your classroom? , which allow students of different reading abilities to learn about the same subjects and genres; opportunities to explore ideas in small and large groups with students of the same or different learning style and ability; and scheduled breaks for students who learn best when they have time to refocus. One tip for achieving this is to plan the most complex learning activity first – one that would challenge the most advanced learner in your class. So it doesn’t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn effectively. Differentiation is a way of teaching; it’s not a program or package of worksheets. It may mean providing extra time to complete an assignment, giving directions again, reducing the length of an assignment, or offering alternate assignments or projects altogether. But, there’s lots of information that explains how to implement a differentiated curriculum. Students may have two or three learning options some days, but never 21 or 35 different options. Assessment and reassessment of students are key. Differentiating instruction means that you observe and understand the differences and similarities among students and use this information to plan instruction. True, many shoppers with a certain body type looking for a particular style would be more than happy to buy those jeans. So it doesn’t make much sense to present information in one way and expect every student to learn effectively. My classroom includes a library of books at varied reading levels because I want students to have lots of opportunities to practice reading with materials that are easy and enjoyable. As we continue to learn more about the learner, we respond by differentiating . You and I need to explore and try ways to teach our students at their instructional levels. Download the PDF from here. Studies show that these students’ personal reading lives and their delight in reading start to wane, and by middle school, they read less on their own than they did in the early grades (Ruddell & Unrau, 1997). This is a powerful statistic that we teachers need to remember and act upon as we teach reading. Teachers who use differentiated instruction tailor their teaching approach to … This is very time consuming and it can’t be applied in our classroom if it’s not planned well. 6 Armstrong Road | Suite 301 | Shelton, CT | 06484. Just the same jeans on every rack. Another important way I differentiate instruction is by tiering assignments. That would be frustrating, right? Differentiated instruction for Diana, and for other struggling students, may mean providing a handout with sentence starters or a graphic organizer to help them with constructing meaning. But do you know what it really means? Just as people have different body types, they have different learning styles and abilities. Nothing for a person with long or short legs. That’s okay. From this list you can see that differentiating instruction asks teachers to continually strive to know and to respond to each students’ needs to maximize learning. That’s where differentiated instruction comes in. Supporting Multilingual Students in the Early Grades. In other words, teachers use multiple strategies to make sure that all students can absorb the information being taught, share what they’ve learned, and meet long- and short-term goals. Whether they come from middle- and upper-class income levels, from low-income households, from families living in poverty, or from families who are English language learners, 70 percent of adolescent learners will benefit from differentiated instruction. My read aloud shows that struggling readers can think at high levels. Differentiated instruction is student owned. Knowing the Learner . Second, teachers provide flexible learning options. Differentiating instruction may mean teaching the same material to all students using a variety of instructional strategies, or it may require the teacher to deliver lessons at varying levels of difficulty based on the ability of each student. For example, a lesson on fractions might include traditional instruction on the whiteboard, pictures with visual representations of fractions, and, perhaps. by TeachThought Staff For teachers and administrators, a useful definition of differentiated instruction is “adapting content, process, or product” according to a specific student’s “readiness, interest, and learning profile.” It can be first that of as a matter of contrast–‘differences.’ Differentiated learning the common mentor or teaching text for my students, and small-group meetings, students learn I to... Teaching expert Laura Robb two or three learning options some days, but 21... 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Instruction is not individualized instruction here is a powerful statistic that we teachers need to explore hunches, concepts meaning... Know what students understand and where they need more support and where need... To explore hunches, concepts, meaning, and buzzard reading groups teacher.

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