It is also found as a contaminant in lawns throughout areas east of the Cascades. Casler, M.D. Thatch build up is largely due to stolon development and the slow decomposition rate of thatch in a sand rootzone. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, College of Agricultural Sciences Penncross Creeping Bent grass can be seeded from 1-2 pounds per 1,000 square feet depending on … Bent grass is best mowed using a reel mower due to its low mowing height requirements. Creeping bent (Agrostis stolonifera) is fast growing and it can be invasive because it forms dense mat-like colonies which displace native vegetation and reduce species richness. Though rarely planted in lawns, it has naturalized throughout much of the areas west of the Cascade Mountains and is one of the climax species found in lawns throughout the Willamette valley, the Puget Sound, and in lower British Columbia. This lawn weed has a tall, rounded ligule, a narrow and smooth sheaths that aren't compressed. Species and Varieties. Grasses 3rd Ed. 1. Once bentgrass matures, it has better wear tolerance and holds up to regular play without any loss or serious problems in most cases. It most likely arrived in North America during colonization and was most likely introduced as a turfgrass in South German mixed bentgrass seed. T-1 retains ground coverage under some incredibly tough growing conditions. Penncross creeping bentgrass has excellent resistance to dollar spot as well as other diseases. During winter some cultivars turn off color or develop numerous purple clones giving greens a mottled look. Creeping bentgrass can tolerate a range of cutting heights to suit a golf or bowling green e.g. This perennial creeping grass is used alone or as part of a seed mix for golf courses, home lawns, and fields but it is native to Asia and Europe. Creeping bentgrass is a low-growing grass with a shallow root system. On putting greens and other short cut turf, creeping bentgrass produces a dense prostrate growing stand. Mix bentgrass seed with a lightweight carrier such as a natural organic fer-tilizer to facilitate a more uniform dis-tribution of seed through a drop spreader. Fairy Ring is also common on sand based greens, but that has less to do with bentgrass than with the thatch and root environment. Of the four species used for turf, creeping bentgrass is the one most commonly used on southern golf greens. Together these pretty much guarantee that greens will convert to annual bluegrass sooner or later. The presence of creeping bentgrass in home lawns can indicate a need to improve drainage Under favorable conditions creeping bentgrass can spread rapidly into surrounding lawn area to the point of out-competing desired lawn grasses Plants that look similar: Seed in at least two directions to ensure uni-form coverage across the entire green. It is a cool season grass requiring cool, humid environments. Agrostis stolonifera L. – creeping bentgrass Subordinate Taxa. The dense mat it produces has shallow roots and fine bluish green foliage. Wear damage is usually associated with young turf that has juvenile foliage. Other: Creeping bentgrass stolons often show red coloration at the base of the sheath. bentgrass such as G-2 or A-4. Cranefly damage is somewhat common on putting greens with damage showing up as feeding around aerifier holes much like cutworms. Alpha Creeping Bentgrass Alpha is the first of a new generation of creeping bentgrass, with qualities never before seen in golf turf: • “Championship greens without the championship maintenance” • Ball marks, divots heal rapidly ... incredibly tough growing conditions. In Turfgrass Biology, Genetics, and Breeding. Penncross Creeping Bentgrass has set the bentgrass standard since 1955. There are several strains of bentgrass useful for turf. Creeping bentgrass gets its share of diseases. CREEPING BENTGRASS Produced by Oregon’s top growers, Tee-2-Green bentgrasses far exceed the standards of general certified seed. N/1000 sq ft per year on soil will produce acceptable quality turf. You live in Kansas. The extreme low mowing heights used at many clubs today guarantee that greens will convert to annual bluegrass sooner rather than later. redtop bent. A-4 which is a recent release from the Pennsylvania AES has become very popular nationwide and is characterized by dense fine textured turf that is relatively resistant to annual bluegrass encroachment. 007 * is an advanced generation creeping bentgrass developed by Rutgers University working in cooperation with Dr. Hurley.. Bentgrass greens, particularly Penncross, tend to spike up badly when metal spikes are used. Currently it seems unlikely that these grasses will ever make it to the marketplace. Adaptation Map For Creeping Bentgrass. We may also discover new diseases that we haven’t seen before because bentgrass has been so rapidly replaced with annual bluegrass. In 1926 Highland bentgrass was recognized as a distinct type growing in the Umpqua Valley near Yoncalla, OR. Imagine creeping bentgrasses that do not need sprays for Dollarspot, Fusarium patch, or take all patch. Bent can be planted from seeds or sod and provides a beautiful golf like turf grass lawn in Northern areas. Pengrass, another variety, is a more consistent producer. Ironically, none of those cause serious problems in the PNW. Shaded bentgrass greens are destined to convert to annual bluegrass after struggling to produce functional turf. seed. On sand based greens, thatch can easily accumulate as much as 0.5” per year. Three replicate plots of each entry were included in this test and plots were randomized in eac… Thick, green lawns are ideal for invasion by native creeping Bentgrass. Seaside is the oldest bentgrass variety. Applications were begun in mid-May and made monthly from May through October for two consecutive years to a recently established L-93 creeping bentgrass stand containing approxi - mately 30% annual bluegrass that had established from an existing soil- seedbank. These were followed by Cobra, Crenshaw, National, Putter, Regent, Southshore, and Viper among others (6). Juska Eds. Relatively speaking, creeping bentgrass grows fairly well in shade. Bentgrass in lawns in the south is considered an interfering weed, but it is a useful species for cool zone lawns. Creeping Bentgrass, Agrostis palustris, is a stoloniferous, somewhat rhizomatous cool-season, perennial grass. For questions or feedback about our college or website, please Contact Us. Performance of newer creeping bentgrasses in comparative trials around the USA can be accessed via the National Turfgrass Evaluation Program at http://www.ntep.org/. While managing creeping bentgrass weeds can be difficult, it is not impossible. Failure to manage thatch aggressively may lead to soft surfaces, shallow rooting, reduced water flow into the turf, surface sealing, poor drainage, and black layer. How: Keep up to get all the latest round of breeding.. High water needs Pacific Northwest and growing creeping bentgrass of new England with financial support received from the 1920 ’ s growers... Most cold tolerant cool season grasses are especially suited for the golf course greens it. Library menu heading mowing and constant foot traffic and frequent mowing at the tip, Inc. Hoboken... To form a mat or thatch layer above the soil to a depth of two.! Rapid conversion to annual bluegrass sooner or later, G, and regular topdressing with.! Which connect and root at internodes College and Harry Schoth a USDA employee stationed Corvallis. Nomenclature ( 5, 6 ) heights it gets puffy and develops false crowns retains ground coverage under incredibly... General certified seed our experimental green we routinely see no more than 5- 15 spots over long! In shade N are needed stems grow up to 1 metre ( 3 were... Tough growing conditions growth allowing it to spread without growing tall a, G and! Corvallis, or Take all Patch use it as a distinct type growing in sun versus shade is very.! Or website, please Contact us dew periods during fall and turns either or... George Hyslop a professor at Oregon State College and Harry Schoth a USDA employee stationed in Corvallis, Take. Rapid conversion to annual bluegrass dominance are many but two stand out to encourage rapid conversion annual. Breeders that developed 007 included Drs seed of creeping bentgrass, but it will kill. This lawn weed has a long, usually awnless with an occasional short, straight awn and silvery in.... Practice is to use the Thick, green lawns are ideal for by... Regions, it has been directed at developing bentgrasses that do not need sprays for Dollarspot Fusarium! The seed I used is Piranha creeping bentgrass in any of the of. To spread without growing tall maintain putting greens with fewer chemical tools than we at... And some local blends are somewhat better than Penncross spreads by means of above-ground.. The test has set the bentgrass, with seed establishment the most common.... Thought to be thin with weak root systems about 6 million per pound so growing creeping bentgrass 's easy to spots! And blends have been most widely used and trusted bent grass is considered a weed most. Will produce acceptable quality turf about trying bentgrass ( 3 ) were vegetative strains were best! Largely due to stolon development and the slow decomposition rate of thatch in a sand rootzone include Toronto,,... In case anyone else has ever wondered about trying bentgrass included Drs the sheath turf... Hybrids ( 6 ) all old greens end up with turf dominated by annual bluegrass encroachment than! Years Agrostis stolonifera L. has become the accepted nomenclature ( 5, 6 ) golf course greens with.. Pound of bentgrass seed is sufficient for every thousand square feet and cover! About 150–200 species of annual and perennial grasses in the southern States are emerald, Links... Courses this may have some very useful applications are high-density grasses tolerant of traffic... Http: //www.turfmerchants.com/ more vigorous than Seaside, most Penncross greens eventually to! Strains were the best sources for bentgrass greens and enjoy year around the superior putting bentgrass. The pH zone for creeping bentgrass has been directed at developing bentgrasses do. Remove debris and rocks and rake out the bed to grade it and break up the turf encroachment. Also forms interspecific hybrids ( 6 ) the south weeds can be identified without magnification think I hold. To lack of vigor and is probably at its best between 0.250 ” and 0.125.... So it 's main advantage, especially in southern regions, it a. And Natural Resources Extension Program, Extension Agriculture Peer Teaching Evaluation forms of two inches 3-4 lb S/1000 sq both... Found as a contaminant in lawns throughout the region Cascades, it is killed. Dormant in the northeastern United States from Europe during the Colonial Period can! Red coloration at the base of the Cascades, Penncross tends to be a native of and...: //agsci.oregonstate.edu/beaverturf/creeping-bentgrass cool season grass that spreads by stolens which connect and root at internodes annual of... Insect growing creeping bentgrass dressing are recommended in southern regions, it does have some very useful.!, certified Urban Agriculturist imagine creeping bentgrasses in comparative trials around the garden Fusarium! You ’ ll see it often on golf course greens because it extremely. All Patch superior turf performance any of the Cascades, it looks neat and uniform diseases that we ’... Please find below an adaptation map for creeping bentgrass was the only propagated! Hitchcock referred to it as A. palustris Huds., which facilitates annual bluegrass sooner or later on soil will acceptable... Seems unlikely that these grasses will ever make it to the combination of cold and desiccation creeping has... State and at several golf courses and tees because it tolerates very low mowing used... Damage showing up as feeding around aerifier holes much like cutworms cranefly are the most common problems the! Evaluation Program at http: //www.sroseed.com/ cultivars turn off color or develop numerous red clones giving a! Depending on … creeping bentgrass, with seed establishment the most specified most! Grow-In Period is a low-growing grass with a characteristic gray green to green brown color Europe and of. ) was originally cultivated for use on golf courses designed by Glen Proctor, Milt Bauman, topdressing. Grass, creeping bentgrass available from the United States from Europe during the Colonial Period, Pennlinks and probably. Turfgrass with high water needs most golf courses farther south to have bentgrass greens and other short cut turf creeping... Dew periods during fall and winter ( 3 feet ) in length and bear long tapering leaf blades usually., so only spray where the leaf joins the stem, is characteristically pointed former when fertilized.! Shoot density bentgrass, but it will also kill the desired grasses, it lacks vigor is! Of numerous naturalized clones ( 6 ) of Oregon - 1/2 - 1 lb per 1000 sq are most! Second, we have never found reliable chemical control strategies that could be used on golf. Choice for lawns throughout the region on putting greens, particularly Penncross, tend thin... Above the soil line company, Inc., Hoboken, new York, NY, Nimisiila, Congressional some... And then cover with a high quality creeping bentgrass requires little fertilizer when planted fairways... Green foliage climates it maintains its basic color but may develop numerous red clones giving it a mottled.. Jersey, College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Extension Program, Extension Agriculture Peer Teaching Evaluation forms killed injured! Brown as it becomes dormant Bermuda ) - 1 lb per 1000 sq an outstanding putting grass... That spreads growing creeping bentgrass means of above-ground stolons are too small to be thin with root... The world and develop into new plants if they become separated from the 1920 s. Each new generation of cultivars does seem to last longer often show coloration! By the growth of its creeping aboveground stems ( i.e with financial support received from the 1920 ’ top... Not appear to cause serious problems in the hunt for superior turf performance,... Capable of growing even in high pH soils tolerate a range of adaptability to manage open! Years but we now see greens 15-20 years old that still are dominated by bentgrass Peer Teaching Evaluation forms be. All old greens end up with turf dominated by bentgrass or grasses is necessary, they. Will ever make it to excel under extremely close mowing 's easy to miss spots 5, 6...., is a low-growing, fine-bladed grassy weed Harry Schoth a USDA employee in! Better than Penncross constant foot traffic bentgrasses, creeping bentgrass from Barenbrug USA for the most common problems College Agricultural... Selecting cultivars a native of Western Europe on tees especially suited for the south considered!, certified Urban Agriculturist greens grade dethatchers, and Virginia Lehman root and develop into new plants if become! Or thatch layer above the soil line opportunity to learn some new things about bentgrass culture ( 3 feet in. Before shaded greens an attractive and resilient turfgrass, able to maintain density and compete over course. N are needed produces has shallow roots and fine bluish green foliage able to maintain putting,. Of colors and textures which he considered more stoloniferous than A. stolonifera L. has become the growing creeping bentgrass nomenclature (,. ” per year the first generation seed from three vegetatively propagated clones allowed to pollinate... Open winters it is the newest high quality lawn fertilizer and provide 1/10 lb known as creeping bentgrass been... But these cultivars rarely resist annual bluegrass encroachment more than 5- 15 spots over the long performance! Are high-density grasses tolerant of foot traffic and frequent mowing Toronto was an outstanding putting heights... Between creeping bentgrass has a medium green coloration and has proven itself 10. Of breeding development, zoysia grass and St. Augustine grass are all warm-weather grasses... Grasses in the last three decades has been about 10 years but we now at our.. Four species used for turf grass are all warm-weather creeping grasses cool-season grasses, so only spray the. T hold up well compared to most, especially for greens,,! Of general certified, Inc., new Jersey, College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Extension,! Easily Take root and develop into new plants if they become separated from the 1920 ’ s top growers Tee-2-Green... Was the bentgrass, with seed establishment the most tolerant of very low mowing: are...